TERMINOLOGIES AND ACRONYMS

How and What

A Ampere ( SI Unit measure for the Electric Current Intensity)

AC Alternating Current (Electric)

BMS Battery Management System of the rechargeable battery pack

BTH BlueTooth (Short-range within 10 m wireless reception and transmission)

C Torque (SI Unit Measure [Nm])

CC Constant Current (Constant Electric Current Intensity)

CFRP Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer

CNC Computer Numerical Control

DC Direct Current (Electric)

f Frequency (SI Unit Measure [Hz])

FGRP or GRP Fiber Glass Reinforced Polymer or Glass Reinforced Plastic

CV Constant Voltage

CVT Continuously Variable Transmission

DOD Depth of Discharge

EPAC Electric Power Assisted Cycles

EV Electric Vehicle

HLEV Hybrid Light Electric Vehicle

LCD Liquid-Crystal Display

LEV Light Electric Vehicle

LFP Lithium, Iron, Phosphate-lithium ferrophosphate (rechargeable battery typology: Lithium-Ion/Li-ion)

Anode (negative electrode) based on graphite or hard Carbon with intercalated metallic lithium

Cathode (positive electrode) based on lithium Iron salt (LiFePO4)

Electrolyte based on ethylene carbonate-dimethyl  carbonate

LiPo/LIP/Li-Poly Lithium Polymer (rechargeable battery typology: Lithium-Ion/Li-ion)

Anode (negative electrode) based on metallic Li o Carbon-Li

Cathode (positive electrode) based on LiCoO2 or LiMn2O4

 Electrolyte based on a lithium salt in a composite solid-separator polymer, such as poly (ethylene oxide) (PEO), poly(acrylonitrile) (PAN), poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) or poly (vinylidene fluoride) (PVdF)

NCM Nickel, Cobalt, Manganese (rechargeable battery typology: Lithium-Ion/Li-ion)

Anode (negative electrode) based on the intercalation of the graphite (carbon) layers which include lithium atoms

Cathode (positive electrode) based on lithium Nickel salt (lithiated metal oxide Nickel, Cobalt, Manganese)

Electrolyte based on a lithium salt in an organic solvent

NdFeB/NIB/Neo/Rare Earth Magnet Neodymium, Iron and Boron to form the Nd2Fe14B/Neodymium, Boro / Neodymium / Rare Earth Elements = Magnet Rare Elements with high magnetic field performance

OE Original Equipment Material or Machine (first-brand new equipment)

OEM Equipaggiamento originale (primo equipaggiamento).

PAS Pedal Assist System or Pedal Assitance Service

PCB Printed Circuit Board

PCBA Printed Circuit Board Assembly

PEDELEC Pedal Electric Cycle or Pedal Electric

PHLEV Plug-in Hyibrid Electric Vehicle

PMBLDC Permanent Magnet Brushless Direct Current (Sinchronous type)

PMBLDCDD Permanent Magnet Brushless Direct Current Direct Drive (Sinchronous type without internal gear reduction)

PMBLDCGD Permanent Magnet Brushless Direct Current Geared Drive (Synchronous type with Internal gear reduction or internal geared)

PWM Pulse Modular Wide or Pulse-Width Modulation

RETROFIT Technological Upgrading after OE

RPP Regenerative Peak Power

RX Receiver

SBMS Smart Batery Management System

SOC State of Charge

SOH State of Healt

SRM Switched Reluctance Motor

T Ton (ST measure Unit [T])

TX Transmitter

V Volt (SI Unit measure for the Electric Current Voltage)

τ Tau = Transmission Ratio

ω Omega=Angular Speed (SI Unit of Measure [r/s])